What do you think when you hear about or see a Cubic Zirconia jewellery item?
Thoughts tend to range from cheap, poor quality or costume jewellery but that isn’t always the case.
Everyone know it’s various names, CZ, Zirconia, Diamonique etc. What I never see discussed anywhere is the various grades of stones that are available or how to tell top of the range gems from poor quality ones.
So, let’s look at the differences between the different grades. of Cubic Zirconia (Not to be confused with the real gemstone, Zircon) and how they compare with each other.
Cubic Zirconia is the crystalline form of zirconium dioxide, It’s a common misunderstanding that all CZ stones are the same. Just like Diamonds, there are a number of different quality levels and there is a range of price points for these beautiful look-alikes.
Cubic Zirconia stones are rated from A to AAAAA. A is the Lowest Quality, while AAAAA is the Highest Grade available. There’s a difference in the look and the price between the lowest and higher grades, and there’s a market for them all. You should understand the difference to make the proper choice when selecting a CZ stone.
The rating system for cubic zirconia gemstones are based on the same Four Cs (cut, clarity, colour and carat) that are used to determine the quality of a diamond. Cubic Zirconia are faceted in the same manner as diamonds. There’s a variety of cuts that are used for different shapes, and the skill of the stone cutter is paramount to the final appearance of the stone.
Each stone has its own personality and it’s the stone cutter’s job to evaluate the gem as part of the cutting process. He/she will cut the facets to bring out the best features of each stone. The biggest visual difference between a diamond and a cubic zirconia would be the fire. When cut the same way as diamonds are, a Cubic Zirconia will exhibit much more sparkles of Light or Fire in the stone than a diamond will, a great give-a-way that the stone is simulated.
During the manufacturing process, a Cubic Zirconia stone can develop a cloudiness that is a visual imperfection that affects the clarity, just like a diamond, the clearer the stone appears, the greater value it has. Most Cubic Zirconia stones that you find in jewellery are normally eye clean and you probably won’t see any flaws in them like you would an earth mined diamond. Again this is another indicator that they are fake, and not natural diamonds.
Most cubic zirconias are white stones, and resemble colourless diamonds although trace elements can be added during the manufacturing process to create a colored stone. Some colours of cubic zirconia that have proved popular are pink and blue due to the rise in popularity of fancy coloured diamonds.These coloured stones are rated on their own for uniformity and intensity of colour. The quality of the materials used in the manufacturing process can affect the colourless aspect Sterling silver geometric solitaire drop earrings at twelve silver trees of the stone, so a truly clear gem is rated higher than one that has any tinge of colour.
Cubic Zirconia are measured by weight, or carat size although Cz gemstones are much denser, therefore heavier than a natural diamond (by as much as 75% heavier).Cubic zirconia measure 8.5 on the mohs scale so are not as durable or hard wearing as diamonds, so they will not last forever and eventually may will lose some of their sparkle or shine if not cared for correctly.